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Autogenic Training Research

There are thousands of studies about autogenics and it wouldn’t be possible, or helpful, to put them all here.  Joystik will help reduce stress, improve sleep, improve performance, and even improve skin appearance.  Listed below is some of the research that supports why autogenic training can be so powerful.

Autogenic Training Causes a Relaxation Response in the Brain

Jacobs GD, Lubar JF. Spectral analysis of the central nervous system effects of the relaxation response elicited by autogenic training. Behav Med. 1989 Fall;15(3):125-32. doi: 10.1080/08964289.1989.9934575. Erratum in: Behav Med 1989 Winter;15(4):following 190. PMID: 2676028.

NASA-Spatial Disorientation and Space Motion Sickness

Patricia Cowings, John Billingham, and William B. Toscano, “Learned control of multiple autonomic responses to compensate for the debilitating effects of motion sickness,” Therapy in Psychosomatic Medicine 4 (1978) 318-323.

Reducing Motion Sickness: A Comparison of Autogenic-Feedback Training and an Alternative Cognitive Task. Aviat., Space, and Environ. Med., vol. 53, no. 5, May 1982, pp. 449-453

Patricia S. Cowings, William B. Toscano, Joe Kamiya, Neal E. Miller, Joseph C. Sharp, Spacelab 3 flight experiment No. 3AFT23: Autogenic-feedback training as a preventive method for space adaptation syndrome, NASA-TM-89412(1999).

Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Reschke MF, Tsehay A. Psychophysiological assessment and correction of spatial disorientation during simulated Orion spacecraft re-entry. Int J Psychophysiol. 2018 Sep;131:102-112. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.03.001. Epub 2018 Mar 2. PMID: 29505848.


Atopic dermatitis improves with autogenic therapy and the amount of steroids needed for the skin goes down after one year.

Ehlers A, Stangier U, Gieler U. Treatment of atopic dermatitis: a comparison of psychological and dermatological approaches to relapse prevention. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1995 Aug;63(4):624-35. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.63.4.624. PMID: 7673540.

Improved skin elasticity and moisture

Sakai S, Inoue-Sato M, Amemiya R, Murakami M, Inagaki K, Sakairi Y. The influence of autogenic training on the physical properties of skin and cardiac autonomic activity in postmenopausal women: an exploratory study. Int J Dermatol. 2020 Jan;59(1):103-109. doi: 10.1111/ijd.14582. Epub 2019 Jul 11. PMID: 31294461.


Breznoscakova D, Kovanicova M, Sedlakova E, Pallayova M. Autogenic Training in Mental Disorders: What Can We Expect? Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Feb 28;20(5):4344. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054344. PMID: 36901353; PMCID: PMC10001593.

Farnè, M.A. and Jimenez-Muñoz, N. (2000), Personality changes induced by autogenic training practice. Stress Med., 16: 263-268.<263::AID-SMI860>3.0.CO;2-G

Seo E, Kim S. [Effect of Autogenic Training for Stress Response: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis]. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2019 Aug;49(4):361-374. Korean. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2019.49.4.361. PMID: 31477667.

Nursing students had less stress after 8 weeks of autogenics

Kanji N, White A, Ernst E. Autogenic training to reduce anxiety in nursing students: randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs. 2006 Mar;53(6):729-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03779.x. PMID: 16553681.

Lim SJ, Kim C. Effects of autogenic training on stress response and heart rate variability in nursing students. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2014 Dec;8(4):286-92. doi: 10.1016/j.anr.2014.06.003. Epub 2014 Nov 3. PMID: 25529912.

ER Staff

Caponnetto P, Magro R, Inguscio L, Cannella MC. Quality of life, work motivation, burn-out and stress perceptions benefits of a stress management program by autogenic training for emergency room staff: A pilot study. Ment Illn. 2019 Jan 3;10(2):7913. doi: 10.4081/mi.2018.7913. PMID: 30746060; PMCID: PMC6342023.


Sleep quality increases in university athletes

Litwic-Kaminska K, Kotyśko M, Pracki T, Wiłkość-Dębczyńska M, Stankiewicz B. The Effect of Autogenic Training in a Form of Audio Recording on Sleep Quality and Physiological Stress Reactions of University Athletes-Pilot Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov 30;19(23):16043. doi: 10.3390/ijerph192316043. PMID: 36498114; PMCID: PMC9737934.

Improvements in Insomnia

Bowden A, Lorenc A, Robinson N. Autogenic Training as a behavioural approach to insomnia: a prospective cohort study. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 2012 Apr;13(2):175-85. doi: 10.1017/S1463423611000181. Epub 2011 Jul 26. PMID: 21787446.

Nicassio, P., & Bootzin, R. (1974). A comparison of progressive relaxation and autogenic training as treatments for insomnia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 83(3), 253–260.


Nursing student performance after using autogenics

Holland B, Gosselin K, Mulcahy A. The Effect of Autogenic Training on Self-Efficacy, Anxiety, and Performance on Nursing Student Simulation. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2017 Mar/Apr;38(2):87-89. doi: 10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000110. PMID: 29194303.

Pilot Simulation


Cowings PS, Kellar MA, Folen RA, Toscano WB, Burge JD. Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise and pilot performance: enhanced functioning under search-and-rescue flying conditions. Int J Aviat Psychol. 2001;11(3):303-15. doi: 10.1207/S15327108IJAP1103_04. PMID: 12033232

Kellar MA, Folen RA, Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Hisert GL. Autogenic feedback training improves pilot performance during emergency flying conditions. Flight Saf Dig. 1993;Jul:1-11. PMID: 11537902.

Parkinson’s Patients

Ajimsha MS, Majeed NA, Chinnavan E, Thulasyammal RP. Effectiveness of autogenic training in improving motor performances in Parkinson's disease. Complement Ther Med. 2014 Jun;22(3):419-25. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2014.03.013. Epub 2014 May 2. PMID: 24906579.

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